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成考复习:成考英语复习要点
发布时间: 2017-12-15 01:44 来源:湖南自考网 http://www.hndxzk.com

  

  复习要点(二)


  要点总结


  表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语,如:even,a lot,a bit,a little,still,much,far, yet, by far等修饰:He works even harder than before.


  注意:by far 通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时,一般放在比较级的后面, 如放在前面,应在二者中间加“the”。


  He is taller by far than his brother.


  He is by far the taller of the two brothers.


  某些以-or结尾的形容词进行比较时,用to代替than。superior,junior,senior等。


  He is superior to Mr Wang in mathematics.


  在比较从句中为了避免重复通常用that(those),one(ones)代替前面出现的名词。that指物,one既可指人,也可指物。that可代替可数名词单数和不可数名词,而one只能代替可数名词。例如:


  The book on the table is more interesting than that on the desk.


  A box made of iron is stronger than one made of wood.


  表示倍数的比较级有如下几种句型:


  A is three (four,etc.) times the size (height, length, width,etc) of B.


  The new building is four times the size (the height) of the old one.


  这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(四倍高)。[高三倍]


  A is three (four, etc.) times as big (high, long, wide, etc.) as B.


  Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。


  A is three (four,etc.) times bigger (higher, longer, wider) than B.


  例如:Your school is three times bigger than ours.


  你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。


  表示两倍可以用 twice 或 double。


  表示“最高程度”的形容词,如excellent,extreme,perfect等,没有最高级,也不能用比较级。


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